Volume 6, Issue 2 (Journal of Studies in Applied Language (JSAL) 2023)                   JSAL 2023, 6(2): 17-40 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mirahsani L, Norouzi M. (2023). A psychoanalytical analysis of Anton Chekhov’s The Darling and Anyuta in the light of Karen Horney’s theory of moving toward people [In English]. JSAL. 6(2), 17-40. doi:10.52547/jsal.6.2.17
URL: http://jsal.ierf.ir/article-1-28-en.html
1- Department of Russian Language, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , leila.mirahsani@alumni.ut.ac.ir
2- Department of Russian Language, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (316 Views)
Chekhov is known as a leading writer of short stories who depicted the reality of his society through details of certain behaviors. Blind compliance and obedience are among one of the characteristics he has portrayed in his stories. This article adopts Karen Horney’s theory to analyze the characters of two obedient women in The Darling and Anyuta. Compliance is a type of neurosis about which psychoanalysts, such as Freud, Horney, and Fromm have proposed theories. This research used Horney’s theory because it is well-suited for the stories analyzed and the method of characterization. Horney believed that many aspects of personality and neuroses may be determined by environmental and social contexts rather than a person's biological drives. She classified neurotics into three personality types, namely moving toward people, moving against people, and moving away from people. The present research mainly focuses on moving toward people with its components of affection, submissiveness, and the need for a dominant partner. The method of qualitative content analysis was used throughout the research. The analysis shows that the components of compliance are more prominent among women living in a patriarchal society, the consequences of which influenced the two female characters in The Darling and Anyuta.
Full-Text [PDF 281 kb]   (154 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Discourse Analysis
Received: 2021/05/22 | Accepted: 2022/11/27 | Published: 2023/04/22

1. Авраменко, Е.С. (2010). "Лидерство: российский контекст". Известия Уральского
2. государственного университета. Общественные науки. Сер. 3, N 2 (77), С. 54
3. Borny, G., (1942). Interpreting Chekhov. Canberra: ANU E press. 2006 edition [DOI:10.26530/OAPEN_459296]
4. Bruhford, W. H., (2002). Chekhov and his Russia: a sociological study. Great Britain: Routledge. First published in 1948 reprinted in 1998.
5. Chekhov, A., (2003). Selected stories: The Darling. New York: Signet Classics
6. Feist, J., Feist, G. J. (2008). Theories of Personality. USA. Seventh edition
7. Fromm, E., (1941). Escape from Freedom. New York.
8. Heldt, Barbara. (1982). "Chekhov and Flaubert on female devotion". Ulbandus Review, Columbia University Slavic Department, Vol. 2, No. 2.
9. Horney, K., (1939). New Ways in Psychoanalysis. New York [DOI:10.2307/2262297]
10. Horney, K., (1937). The Neurotic Personality of our time. New York
11. Horney, K., (1942). Self-analysis. New York
12. Horney, K., (1945). Our Inner Conflicts. New York
13. Калинин, А. Ю., (2009). "Политическая Культура России и Процессы Правообразования", Статьи в Разделе 2009, No 4 (91), Доступна на:http://www.pvlast.ru/archive/index.592.php
14. Kuprin, A., Ivan Bunin & Maxim Gorky. (1921). Reminiscences of Anton Chekhov. www.gutenberg.org, [EBook #37129], https://reader.bookfusion.com/books/92734-reminiscences-of-anton-chekhov, p.13
15. Lemieux, Martha. (1991). The irony of evolution in the short stories of Chekhov. A thesis submitted to The Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Arts, Department of Russian and Slavic Studies, McGill University.
16. Lipovetsky, M., Brougher, V., (2011). 50 writers an anthology of 20th century Russian short stories.Translated and Annotated by Valentina Brougher and Frank Miller with Mark Lipovetsky. Brighton MA
17. Loehlin, James N. (2010). The Cambridge Introduction to Chekhov. New York [DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511781278]
18. Reich, Annie A. (1940). "A Contribution to the psycho-analysis of extreme submissiveness in women". The Psychoanalytic Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 471-480. Doi: 10.1080/21674086.1940.11925438 [DOI:10.1080/21674086.1940.11925438]
19. Ryckman, R. M., (2008). Theories of personality. Belmont CA. Ninth edition
20. Schultz, D., Schultz, S. E., (2015). Theories of Personality. Boston MA. Eleventh edition
21. Stone, Alan A and Stone, Sue Smart. (1966). The Abnormal Personality through literature. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall NJ
22. Tucker, William M. (1994) "Teaching Psychiatry Through literature: The short story as case history". Academic Psychiatry. Vol. 18, pp. 211-219. Doi: 10.1007/BF03341409 [DOI:10.1007/BF03341409]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.